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Imperialism in Asia (to 1914)

 

China

 

1839-1842-         Opium War. Hong Kong ceded to Britain.

1842-1852-          “Unequal Treaties” signed with France and the U.S.

1851-1864 -        Taipeng rebellion

1856-1860-         Two additional wars against England and France.

1858          -         Lands north of the Amur River to Russia.

1894-1895-         China defeated in war versus Japan

1898         -         Hundred Days reform movement. Ends with Empress Dowager seizing power.

1898-1900-         Boxer rebellion

1905          -        Founder of the Kuomintang (National People’s Party, or KMT)

1908          -        Empress dowager died. National assembly formed.

1911          -        Nationalist revolt.

1912          -        Last Qing Emperor abdicated. Republic formed.

 

 

India

 

1784-1857-        “Dual Control”

1818          -        English defeat Hindu Maratha kingdom.

1829          -        English ban suttee

1833          -        Hindu religious reformer, Ram Mohan Roy died. 

1835          -        English introduce English-style education into India.

   Eventually creates western-educated elite.

1853          -        First Indian railway built

1857          -        Sepoy Mutiny. End of the Mughal dynasty

1885          -        Hindu Indian National Congress established.

1906          -        All-India Muslim League formed

 

 

Japan

 

1842         -           Japan agrees to  provision foreign ships in need.

1853         -           Commodore Perry (U.S.) forces Japan to open its ports.

1853-1868-          Japanese set up western-style manufacturing facilities.

1860         -           First Japanese steamship crosses the Pacific. Japan takes control of Korea

1868         -           Meiji Restoration. End of the Tokugawa Shoguate

1889         -          Western-style Parliament est. (German model)

1870’s-1914 -      Japan industrialized.

1894        -           Japan seized Formosa (Taiwan)

1902        -           Anglo-Japanese alliance

1904-1906-          Japan defeats Russia in Manchuria.