1857- Sepoy Mutiny
1877- Queen Victoria made “Empress of India.”
1885- National Indian
Congress established in
1908-1918- Extremists excluded from the Congress. Indian advisory council created. Political violence increasing. Pan-Islamic movement gains ground, though Muslims loyal through WWI.
1918 Failure of the monsoon brought famine; influenza epidemic killed many.
1919 Fear of Indian nationalism and international Bolshevism led to crackdowns in
Indian government trying to end financial and commercial arrangements
1922 Gandhi arrested for the first time.
1922-1930 Relative quiet. Disunity among reformers and revolutionaries, Hindus and Muslims.
1930 President of the Muslim League called for a separate Muslim state in the northwest.
1930- Gandhi mobilized mass support for his civil disobedience. First Indian politician to be able to claim support nation-wide.