A World History
Introduction to Part III. The Dominance of the West (pp. 295-298)
According to McNeill,
1700, however, the Islamic peoples together with the Hindus and Buddhists of
This effort at conscious modernization (i.e. selective and partial Westernization still continues to command the central place in the aspirations of all the non-Western peoples of the world
Introduction to Part IV. The Onset of Global Cosmopolitanism (pp. 413-415)
In the late eighteenth and
During World War I and World War II these two fundamental changes flowed together. That is to say, the enhanced power of governments, sustained by democratic forms, reorganized the technical processes of industrial production to serve political ends.
The vastly enhanced power that thus came to Western nations made it easy for Europeans and Americans to beat down traditional obstacles to their activity that other peoples offered. . . . During the second half of the nineteenth century all important parts of the habitable earth entered into a single globe-girdling commercial net. Political and military as well as intellectual and cultural interrelationships became as inescapable as the ties of economic interchange.
Even the independence of the colonies of the European powers after World War II had the effect of rooting the traits of modernity deeper in all parts of the non-western world.
Such rapid and far-reaching changes in human society involved much violence and sharp political as well as ideological changes.
Observations from McNeill.
p. 304 Nevertheless
three major consequences of the opening of the worlds oceans to European
shipping affected every civilized society and transformed conditions of life
for many barbarous and primitive peoples as well. These were a) the price
revolution resulting from the flow of massive quantities of silver and gold
p. 308 No other civilization responded to the new possibilities opened by
ocean travel with anything remotely resembling Euroepan
venturesomeness. Toying with foreign novelties did
occur, most notably in the
p. 325 Thus
the upshot of
p. 419 But the industrial and the democratic revolutions deserve to be paired with one another all the same because both of them allowed Westerners to mobilize men and materials on an ever-increasing scale and across longer periods of time and greater distances than had ever been possible before.
p. 512 In the course of two world wars invention thus became a deliberate and in some degree even a controlled process.