The World, 1945- the Present
1920’s-1930’s- Europe: rise of totalitarianism
Rest of the World: increased impetus towards independence and westernization.
1945- World War II ended. United Nations formed.
1946-1949- Cold War began: Bipolar world, US vs.
Decolonization process began in
UN created the state of
Chinese civil war ended in communist victory. Mao Tse Tung.
1948-1960’s- Rebuilding of the world economy- growth
Continued Cold War activity, esp. via proxy wars
Communist bloc fractured.
Decolonization peaked- 1950’s,
1960’s, Sub-Saharan Africa
Governments practice large-scale economic planning/cooperation. Welfare state.
1970’s World economic growth became erratic.
Stagflation began in the west.
Cold War and regional conflicts continue, though détente and arms agreements help
ease tensions between US and
Oil/Energy crises begin. OPEC
1979- Iranian Revolution.
1980’s- Widespread economic problems in the world.
Soviet bloc collapsed in
1989. Reform in
1990’s- Reorganization in former territories
Persian Gulf War (energy, Arab-Israeli conflict, Islamic fundamentalism)
Genocidal conflicts in the former